Leishmaniasis is caused by a protozoa parasite from over 20 leishmania species and is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected female phlebotomine sandflies. There are three main types of the disease: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is the most common form of leishmaniasis and causes ulcers on exposed parts of the body, leaving life-long scars and serious disability.
About one-third of CL cases occur in the Americas, the Mediterranean basin, and the Middle East and Central Asia. An estimated 0.7 million to 1.3 million new cases occur worldwide annually.
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